Ročník III, 2014, číslo 2. 70 s. ISSN 1339-0392

Zverejnené 30. 11. 2014



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Obsah čísla

Etika

ETIKA VO VEREJNEJ SLUŽBE A VEREJNÝ ZÁUJEM

Ivanovič, David
In: Motus in verbo, roč. III, 2014, č. 2, s. 8 - 16. ISSN 1339-0392

Abstract

Public service is a service which is provided by government or public sector to citizens. Main definition of public service is that it is a service in the public interest. It means that everyone who provides a public service must act in public interest and no in self-interest. Nevertheless the term “public interest” is necessary for the definition of “public service”, it doesn’t have exact meaning, which is important not only in law and politics but in ethics too. In this study ethical relevance of term “public interest” in connection with ethics in public service is showed. This study analyses conversions of “public interest” in history of social-political thought which can help its understanding in contemporary philosophy and public policy. Analysis shows that the term “public interest” is very complicated, dependent on social-political conditions of state and therefore it needs ethical expertise in every situation which is connected with providing of public service.

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Filozofia

STAROSTLIVOSŤ O SEBA PROSTREDNÍCTVOM POZNANIA SAMÉHO SEBA V PLATÓNOVOM DIALÓGU CHARMIDÉS

Jánošová, Katarína
In: Motus in verbo, roč. III, 2014, č. 2, s. 17 - 23. ISSN 1339-0392

Abstract

Paper deals with the way how Plato uses the phrase doing one’s own in searching for the definition of sôphrosunê in the Charmides. Although the main theme of this dialogue is sôphrosunê, the consequence of the Critias’ concept of sôphrosunê, namely that sôphrosunê does not bring the community any advantage, also concerns the benefit of the community. The paper deals with the aporia of possibility and usefulness of self-knowledge in the dialogue. The text intends to show that the source of these aporia is Critias’ strict separation of three kinds of knowledge (“the knowledge of knowledge”, the “knowledge of good and evil” and “technical knowledge”). This separation is based on Critias’ potentially tyrannical “self-consciousness“ freed from all content determinations and governing the knowledge of good and evil. The unity between them has to the form of a complex structure the bearer of which is the soul and which is dominated by the knowledge of good and evil. 

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Kulturológia

STEREOTYPY V ZOBRAZOVANÍ MATKY V TELEVÍZNYCH SERIÁLOCH Z HĽADISKA DRAMATURGIE

Belková, Zuzana
In: Motus in verbo, roč. III, 2014, č. 2, s. 24 - 39. ISSN 1339-0392

Abstract

The study is based on the observation that when portraying the character of mother in TV series, there is the repeated use of specific elements and attributes that create the character. By analyzing thirty series that involve the theme of family, it is trying to define several groups of characteristics that make up the few repeated models when portraying a mother. It defines these models in terms of dramaturgy, therefore in the way in which they should appear to television viewers. It also points out that the same model of portrayal can be found in different genre contexts.

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Literárna veda

PRI KOTRMELCOCH OPÍC... ALEBO MEDZI KONŠTRUKTIVIZMOM A POETIZMOM

Odokienko Fodorová , Hana
In: Motus in verbo, roč. III, 2014, č. 2, s. 40 - 45. ISSN 1339-0392

Abstract

This article analyses the second collection of poems by Laco Novomeský – Romboid (1932). It is focused on Novomeský’s initial poem Pri kotrmelcoch opíc (By Somersaults of Monkeys) and on its poetic basis. The starting point is Zambor’s premise that: “... the poet (Novomeský) acts as a Constructivist artist” (Zambor, 2005, p. 70). Novomeský violates the poetistic atmosphere (Poetism, 20th century literature movement in former Czechoslovakia) by nostalgic reminiscence of childhood and motivates thus an effect of “laughter through tears”, which is also observed in the article. In this sematic and stylistic analysis the main part is dedicated to Avant-garde poetic attributes and usage of geometric symbols.

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PROSTORY V PROZAICKÉ TVORBĚ ARNOŠTA LUSTIGA

Chytilová, Ingrid
In: Motus in verbo, roč. III, 2014, č. 2, s. 46 - 57. ISSN 1339-0392

Abstract

The aim of the study is to point out the fact that there are also other areas than the ghetto and extermination camp in the author’s work. We have chosen works in which portrayed space at the level of scenery is based on the dichotomy home (country) – abroad (foreign country), domestic – strange, specifically we will discuss works Krásné zelené oči, Tma a světlo světa (Můj známý Vili Feld), Oleandrové keře – i.e. Beautiful Green Eyes, Darkness and Light of the World (My Friend Vili Feld), Oleander Bushes. Another reason was that in all three works we meet with the theme of emigration. We will discuss what the character is experiencing in an unfamiliar environment, how he adapts to new conditions and what impact on his psyche it has.

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ACEDIA U DANTEHO AKO SVETSKÉHO AUTORA A V DOBOVEJ KÁZŇOVEJ TVORBE

Šavelová, Monika
In: Motus in verbo, roč. III, 2014, č. 2, s. 58 - 65. ISSN 1339-0392

Abstract

The aim of this article is to highlight the category of joy in the faith, which has changed over the centuries from the initial spontaneous, unprompted joy of the availability of souls’ salvation to joy as an evidence of repentance, what we can see in particular Dante’s sad sinners in the fifth circle. Dante does not believe that people could feel the joy spontaneously and therefore establishes the need to rejoice as a command, which defaulting he punishes by putting them to hell: it is a punishment of lack of joy and therefore sorrow, and acedia. Dante’s sad sinners are considered mentally ill, who are unable to rejoice and that is why they are more reprehensible. He places them in the mud of Styx to analogously punish their memory. As they were sad in a pleasant atmosphere during their lives, now they are sad in the black mud. Concept of acedia is found in several works of contemporary authors of religious literature, but its translation has multiple meanings. It may be a reluctance but also somber, oppressive sadness, a particular kind of melancholy and bitterness, in which a human becomes not only a passive and careless about any spiritual value but he also feels a repulsion to these values, his inside is full of anger and this could finally ends up in complete stupor.

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VARIA

INTERNATIONAL SUMMER SCHOOL OF SIGN LANGUAGES

Arvensisová, Marika
In: Motus in verbo, roč. III, 2014, č. 2, s. 67 - 69. ISSN 1339-0392

Abstract

This work deals with cognitive linguistics in sign languages, a topic which became the centre of attention of the International Summer School 2014 of the Charles University in Prague. This article provides a concise summary of all presenting linguists and their scientific research projects. It also emphasises the importance of liveliness of all current issues, as are cognitive linguistics, sign language corpora, affinity of sign languages and the culture of the Deaf, in (cognitive) linguistics in sign languages around the world.

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